Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Africa.
It is overseen by the Africa Cricket Association, which was established in 1997 and is a subordinate body of the International Cricket Council.
Zimbabwean and South African Cricket is administered independently by their own boards. The Africa Cricket Association is, however, responsible for promotion, development and administration of cricket across the continent.
The body is also responsible for the development of umpiring and coaching, as well as expanding ticket administration within the national organizations.
Before the AFRICAN CRICKET ASSOCIATION was established, cricket was administered by two separate bodies i.e. West African Cricket Council and the East and Central African Cricket Conference.
There are three main tournaments contested by teams from the African INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL members, but the responsibility for each is shared between the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL and AFRICAN CRICKET ASSOCIATION. The tournaments include:
- INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL Africa Under 19 Championship
- World Cricket League Africa Region
- INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL Africa Women’s T20 Championship
There is a total of 22 member countries of the African Cricket Association, but only South Africa and Zimbabwe have full INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL membership.
Cricket is governed by the Botswana Cricket Association and is affiliated with the Botswana National Sports Council. BCA was established in 1983 and has been a member of INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL since 2002. It was also one of the founding members of the African Cricket Association.
The Cameroon Cricket Association is the official governing body of cricket in Cameroon. It operates the Cameroon National Cricket Team. Cameroon has been an affiliate member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL since 2007.
The Gambia National Cricket Team is governed by the Gambia Cricket Association, whose headquarters are in Banjul. It has been an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council since 2002 and is also a member of the African Cricket Association.
The Ghana National Cricket Team first participated in an international tournament in the Division Three of 2006 World Cricket League of Africa Region, where it finished third. The team went on to win the Division Three of 2008 World Cricket League of Africa Region.
The country joined the West African Cricket Council in 1976. The Ghana Cricket Association was formed shortly after the breakup of the council and has been a member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL since 2002.
Cricket in Kenya was first played in 1896 but didn’t hit the international trail until 1951 during inter-territorial matches between Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The country broke away from the East African Cricket Conference and joined the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL in 1981.
The national cricket team of Lesotho made their international debut at the 2006 Division Three of the Africa Region of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL Cricket League. They finished last in the eighth team tournament.
Malawi became an affiliate member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL in 2003 and finished third in the African Affiliates Championships in 2004. The country hosted and won the WCL Africa Division 3 Tournament in October 2009.
The Federation Malienne de Cricket became a member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL in 2006. It was co-founded by Dr. Phil Watson from Wales and Mr. Kawory Berthe. The country sent an adult men’s to the inaugural North and West African Championship in May 2007, when they finished last.
The Royal Moroccan Cricket Federation governs cricket in Morocco and is responsible for selection of the national team as well as the Moroccan leagues. The national team was founded by Surinder and Mohinder Amarnath in 2002 It has been active since 2004 and made its international debut during the 2006 Africa Division Three Tournament.
The Mozambique National Cricket Team is administered by Mozambique Cricket Association and is a member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL and AFRICAN CRICKET ASSOCIATION. It has competed in the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL Africa Twenty20 Championship and World Cricket League Africa Region. The team made its international debut when they played in the African Affiliates Championship in 2003.
The Namibia Cricket Board governs the sport of cricket in Namibia and its headquarters are in Windhoek. It has been an associate member of the International Cricket Council since 1992 and is also a member of the AFRICAN CRICKET ASSOCIATION. The team has played in every edition of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL Intercontinental Cup.
Cricket has been played in Nigeria since the late 19th century and the national team partook in their first match in 1904. The Nigeria Cricket Association became an affiliate member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL in 2002.
The national team has actively played in the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL World Cricket League Africa Region and INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL World Twenty20.
The Rwandan Cricket Team became an affiliate member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL in 2003 and made their international debut the following year during the African Affiliates Championship, where they finished seventh. The country also has a Junior U-17 team that participates in the East African Regional U-17 Tournament.
While a member of the African Cricket Association, Seychelles Cricket Association became a member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL relatively late as compared to other countries in 2010.
Cricket in Sierra Leone is governed by the Sierra Leone Cricket Association and its headquarters are in Brookfields National Stadium. The country has been an affiliate member of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL since 2002 and is also a member of the AFRICAN CRICKET ASSOCIATION.
Other countries that play cricket in Africa include Saint Helena, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. The sport in these countries is governed by St. Helena Cricket Association, Swaziland Cricket Association, Tanzania Cricket Association, Uganda Cricket Association and Zambia Cricket Union respectively.
They became members of the ACC in 2001, 2007, 2001, 1998 and 2003. Additionally, all of the above governing bodies are members of the INTERNATIONAL CRICKET COUNCIL and occasionally take part in international tournaments.
By being full members of the International Cricket Council, South Africa and Zimbabwe are eligible to participate in test matches. Both countries became members of ACA in 1992 but South Africa joined ICC in 1889 while Zimbabwe became a full member in 1992.